A new strain of norovirus has made its way into the United States and the Rhode Island Department of Health is warning people to take extra safety precautions to protect themselves from the spread of the illness.
Symptoms of the norovirus include severe vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain.
Dr. Peter Simmon with the RI Department of Health says the first stage of vomiting is likely to pass within the first 24 hours but symptoms could persist for up to 4 or 5 day and a carrier could be contagious for up to ten days.
People with weakened immune systems, babies, and seniors are most susceptible to the illness. Simmons recommended calling a doctor if you suspect you have norovirus because the illness is extremely contagious and can be quickly spread.
The secondary attack rate of the illness is approximately 70%, that is 70% of people exposed will contract it. Compare that with the 95% secondary attack of chicken pox or measles.
Simmons recommended that someone suffering from the norovirus stop eating and drinking for a period of time until the vomiting desists. He said that a person should take in small amounts of water at intervals to avoid dehydration.
Norovirus is a highly contagious illness caused by infection with a virus called norovirus. It is often called by other names, such as viral gastroenteritis, stomach flu, and food poisoning. Norovirus infection causes acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines); the most common symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Anyone can get norovirus, and they can have the illness multiple times during their lifetime. Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in the United States.
Practice proper hand hygiene: Wash your hands carefully with soap and water, especially after using the toilet and changing diapers and always before eating or preparing food. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers (containing at least 62% ethanol) may be a helpful addition to hand washing, but they are not a substitute for washing with soap and water. (more)
Take care in the kitchen: Carefully wash fruits and vegetables, and cook oysters and other shellfish thoroughly before eating them.
Do not prepare food while infected: People who are infected with norovirus should not prepare food for others while they have symptoms and for 3 days after they recover from their illness.
Clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces: After an episode of illness, such as vomiting or diarrhea, immediately clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces by using a bleach-based household cleaner as directed on the product label or a solution made by adding 5�25 tablespoons of household bleach to 1 gallon of water.
Wash laundry thoroughly: Immediately remove and wash clothing or linens that may be contaminated with vomit or fecal matter. Handle soiled items carefully�without agitating them�to avoid spreading virus. They should be laundered with detergent at the maximum available cycle length and then machine dried.
The Rhode Island State Biological Laboratory has the capability to test stool.
No specific treatment is available. Anyone who is severely dehydrated might need rehydration therapy.